The state has improved outcomes by prioritizing data and evidence in its budget process through guidance to agencies and engagement with the legislature.
13. Results-Focused Budget Process
A 2019 amendment to Mississippi’s 2014 performance-based budgeting law provided stronger, more rigorous evidence definitions for identifying intervention programs as evidence-based, research-based, promising, or other with no evidence of effectiveness. While the law continued to require the Mississippi Department of Corrections, Department of Health, Department of Education, and Department of Transportation to report during the annual budget cycle on their programs’ performance and cost-benefit ratio, the amendment authorized the Joint Legislative Committee on Performance Evaluation and Expenditure Review to designate additional agencies to comply with the law. Additional agency inventories include the Department of Revenue and Division of Medicaid. The Mississippi Joint Legislative Committee on Performance Evaluation and Expenditure Review (PEER) released a 2018 Results First Mississippi analysis on juvenile justice programs at a residential facility to help the state to invest more resources in high-quality interventions and ensure implementation fidelity.